Unfamiliar Spots in Zoshigaya, Tokyo

Toden Arakawa Line

The Toden Arakawa Line is the only streetcar line in Tokyo (which is in the Kanto Region). It is running 12 km from Waseda to Minowa. If you board it, you will notice how essential it is as a means of transportation for the local people. Along this railway line are several unfamiliar, interesting spots in Tokyo. Those places may be not very famous as sightseeing spots but have their own unique charms. In this post, I would like to introduce some of them (in particular, the spots in the Zoshigaya district).

Toden Arakawa Line (Tokyo Sakura Tram)
The Toden Arakawa Line (Tokyo Sakura Tram) running in Zoshigaya district in Tokyo.

Old Missionary House in Zoshigaya

In a quiet neighborhood near Zoshigaya Cemetery in Toshima Ward stands a conspicuous Western-style structure made of wood. It used to be a residence of an American missionary, J. M. McCaleb. But after his return to the US, it eventually became the property of Toshima Ward. And since 1989, it has been open to the public as ‘the Old Missionary Museum of Zoshigaya’. This is a beautiful, interesting structure and here you can learn about the history of Christianity in Japan.

Entrance to the Old Missionary House.
J. M. McCaleb

Born near Nashville, Tennessee, in 1861, John Moody McCaleb came to Japan with his wife in 1892. And after living in the foreigner’s settlement in Tsukiji for 15 years, he built the Missionary House in Zoshigaya in 1907. It was his home as well as a base to engage in missionary work based on Puritanism.

Old Missionary House in Tokyo, Japan.
(P. Angenieux Paris 15mm f1.3)

The neighborhood was a new residential area at that time, and there he also started a kindergarten and a Sunday school. The older generation of this area still remembers how his activities, ranging from charitable work to educational programs for children and young men, impacted the local people.

The window on the old missionary house in Japan.
(P. Angenieux Paris 15mm f1.3)
Conversation with the Manager

When I visited there with my friend in July 2016, we were fortunate to speak briefly with the manager of the museum’s office. I asked him if international travelers sometimes visited there.
“Ah, sometimes…,” he said, as his voice trailed off. “But Mr. McCaleb’s relatives occasionally visit here. If I remember right, he had three children. So probably those people we met the other day were his nephews or something. They duly visit here every time they come to Japan.”
“So, didn’t Mr. McCaleb live in Japan permanently?” I asked.
“No. He returned to America shortly before the Pacific War broke out.”

Interior of the old missionary house in Japan
(P. Angenieux Paris 15mm f1.3)

“Do you know what caused him to go back to his home country?”
“Well, I think there were various reasons, but it might have been partly related to the progress of his missionary work…”, he said hesitantly. (Perhaps, McCaleb’s efforts to spread Christianity were largely unsuccessful.)
I asked him how the house was built.
“Two Japanese carpenters built it. Their names are still on record. But I suppose McCaleb gave them detailed instructions so that they could build this Tennessee-style structure.

Blueberries in the garden of the Old Missionary House in Zoshigaya.
Blueberries in the garden.

We strolled around the garden, appreciating the beautiful plants and trees (some of them were planted by Mr. McCaleb himself). And then we went into the house. We were especially intrigued by a unique bay window (called an “oriel”) facing west and the fire-place mantel with art nouveau tiles and decorations made from zelkova wood in the living room.

Fire-place mantel at the house of J. M. McCaleb.
Further Study

Back at my home in Shizuoka Prefecture, I did some further study about this missionary house, and learned how difficult the times Mr. McCaleb lived in were for Christian missionaries in Japan. It was the period from the middle Meiji Era leading up to the outbreak of the Pacific War.

Interior of Mr. McCaleb's house in Zoshigaya, Tokyo.
(P. Angenieux Paris 15mm f1.3)

Even though the ban on Christianity had already been lifted by that time, nationalism was beginning to rear its ugly head and it sometimes led to the expulsion of foreigners and foreign cultures. In this environment, it seems Christian missionaries gradually found themselves in an awkward position. The thirty-four years he spent in Zoshigaya overlaps with this ‘period of hardships’ for Christianity.

J. M. McCaleb's Tennessee-style house in Tokyo, Japan.
(P. Angenieux Paris 15mm f1.3)

Mr. McCaleb left Japan in 1941, and he never came back again. Reportedly he didn’t even put up an American flag, to say nothing of a Japanese one, in front of his house in Zoshigaya. And he was quoted as saying, “My true nationality is the kingdom of heaven.”


Another unfamiliar spot in Zoshigaya, Tokyo, I’d like to introduce here is just several minutes walk from the missionary house. The Kishimojin-do (The Kishimojin Hall) in Zoshigaya is a detached sub-temple of Homyo-ji Nichiren-sect Temple. It might be a place any mother in the world would want to visit. Its principle image is Kishimojin, whose Sanskrit name is Hariti. She has been an object of worship especially as a goddess of pregnancy, safe delivery and happy child rearing.

Kishimojin-do Buddhist temple  in Tokyo
The Kishimojin-do (P. Angenieux Paris 15mm f1.3).

In Indian mythology, she used to be a demon who abducted and murdered many children, but, chastised by the Buddha, she reformed herself and vowed to protect all children.

The Main Hall.

The main building of Kishimojin-do was constructed in 1664 using funds donated by the lawful wife of the Lord of the Hiroshima Domain. And that is why some characteristics of the architectural style in Aki region (the old name of Hiroshima) can be seen in the main building. The building, with some beautiful carvings, is in itself a valuable one which survived the bombardments during the Second World War.

An Old Buddhist temple in Tokyo.
Wood carvings at the Main Hall.
Conversation with Local People

As I walked with my friend along the path lined with keyaki (zelkova) trees, some of which are 400 years old, toward the main building on a hot summar day, we visited a small tourist information center, where we met an amiable woman at the counter.

Zelkova-lined street in Zoshigawa, Tokyo.
Zelkova-lined lane leading to the Kishimojin-do.

I asked her if many international travelers visited there.
“Well, there are many Chinese tourists,” she replied.
“Do you get many Westerners, too?”
“No. It seems that about the half of the tourists are Chinese.”
“You mean about the half of foreign tourists are Chinese?”
“No, I mean about the half of all tourists seems to be Chinese. Just now, we had a few pass through. I have just met a group of four adults and three children.”
“Why so many Chinese? Are they better informed?”
“I don’t know…”

A shop in Zoshigaya, Tokyo.
A shop on the way to Kishimojin-do (P. Angenieux Paris 15mm f1.3).

And after a little while, she said cheerfully and proudly, “Anyway I hope you will enjoy the Kishimojin-do. It will soon become an Important Cultural Property of Japan!” (See Update 1 at the end of this post.)

A traditional sweets shop in Zoshigaya, Tokyo.
Sweets shop on the grounds of the Kishimojin-do.

A little later in the precinct of the temple, an elderly shop clerk of a mom and pop candy store also told us about the honorable title about to be given by the nation. And it seemed to me that both of their remarks, along with their uplifting tones, represent the general feeling of the neighborhood residents toward the Kishimojin-do.

A small inari shrine on the grounds of a Buddhist temple in Tokyo.
Inari Shrine on the grounds of the Kishimojin-do.
Loved by the Locals

There is also a small Inari shrine in the compound. Enshrined there is the deity called Ukanomitama no mikoto, who has been worshipped in this region long before the Kishimojin-do was established there.
When we visited the Kishimojin-do, they were making preparations for a Bon festival dance that would be held that night.

Preparation for a Bon dance festival in Tokyo.
Preparing for the Bon Festival in the evening.

The Kishimojin-do is a place loved by the locals. This area still retains some aspects of the ‘good old days’, when people were friendly and kind, and spoke noisily. So, if you are a bit overwhelmed by the skyscrapers in the Tokyo Metropolitan area, I hope you will relax for a while in a place like this.

Getting There (English Map)

The Old Missionary House in Zoshigaya is about a seven-minute walk from Toden-zoshigaya Station, and about a ten-minute walk from Kishibojinmae Station, on the Toden Arakawa Line (See Update 2 at the bottom of this post). It is also about ten-minute walk from Higashi-ikebukuro and Gokokuji Stations on the Tokyo Metro Yurakucho Line, as well as Zoshigaya Station on the Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line. The Kishimojin-do is only a short walk either from Kishibojinmae Station on the Toden Arakawa Line or Zoshigaya Station on the Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line. It is even within walking distance from Ikebukuro Station of JR Yamanote Line (about 15 minutes on foot).

Other Photos

one of sightseeing spots in Zoshigaya, Tokyo.
The old missionary house.
Kishimojin-do | 鬼子母神堂
Toden Arakawa Line | 都電荒川線
Toden Arakawa Line (Tokyo Sakura Tram).

Places Nearby

If you want to visit another unfamiliar spots in Zoshigaya, Tokyo, the Zoshigaya Cemetery is within walking distance of the Old Missionary House and the Kishimojin-do. It was founded in 1874 and has the area of 10 hectares. There are the graves of many distinguished people, including Natsume Soseki, Nagai Kafu, Izumi Kyoka, Nakahama Manjiro and Lafcadio Hearn. A map of the compound showing the locations of each grave is available at the cemetery’s office.

Zoushigaya Cemetery in Tokyo | 雑司ヶ谷霊園
Zoshigaya Cemetery (P. Angenieux Paris 15mm f1.3)


Other than the places I mentioned on this page, there are many interesting, unfamiliar spots along the Toden Arakawa Line. If you would like to join a guided tour around here, please send an e-mail from the contact form on the Rates/Contact page.

Update 1 (Added in March 2019): Koshimojin-do became a National Important Cultural Property in 2018.
Update 2 (Added in August 2020): In 2017, a new name for the Toden Arakawa Line was sought from the public. And eventually, the ‘Tokyo Sakura Tram’ was adopted. However, it didn’t exclude the old name, and now both names are used.

Photographs: taken at a couple of places along the Toden Arakawa Line,
by Koji Ikuma, with a Fuji X-T1 and P. Angenieux Paris 15mm f1.3.

Outbound Links (New Window)

Kishimojin-do official website (Japanese only).

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Reference Links (New Window)

Link to Vintage Camera Lenses
Link to Tetsu Sawamura official site
Tetsu Sawamura official website (Japanese only).

Outbound Links (New Window)

Shurijo Castle Park
Link to Kusatsu Onsen website
KUSATSU-ACCOMMODATION.JP introduces a large range of accommodations, including Japanese-style inns and large resort hotels, located in the Kusatsu Onsen hot springs area in northern Kanto.
Link to Koshu Valley .com
Insider's guide to the Koshu Vally (Katsunuma) wine region. Katsunuma Town in Yamanashi Prefecture (in the Chubu Region) is known as the birthplace of the Japanese wine industry. And the wine from this area has been attracting growing attention from wine drinkers overseas.
Link to Shimanto City Tourism Association
Shimanto City Tourism Association. Flowing through the western part of Southern Shikoku, the Shimanto River is called 'the last clear river in Japan'. And some of the 'chinka-bashi bridges' across the river are now popular tourist attractions in Shimanto City.
Link to Fukuyama Hiroshima Tourism Guide
FUKUYAMA HIROSHIMA Tourism Guide includes the information about Tomonoura, a small fishing town that flourished in the Edo Period as an important transportation hub.
Link to Shiretoko Shari-cho Tourism Association
Shiretoko Shari-cho Tourist Association. The Shiretoko Peninsula in eastern Hokkaido extends a long distance into the Sea of Okhotsuk. Registered as UNESCO's World Natural Heritage Site in 2005, this area still has a considerable amount of pristine environment.
Shirakami Sanchi Visitor Center. Straddling both Aomori and Akita Prefectures in the Tohoku Region, Shirakami Sanchi is home to the large-scale primitive beech forest. In 1993, this mountainous area was registered as one of Japan's very first UNESCO World Heritage sites.
Link to Itsukushima Shurine website
Itsukushima Shrine official website. A UNESCO World Cultural Heritage site, Itsukushima Shrine attracts a lot of tourists and religious worshippers every year. The shrine is located on Miyajima Island which is known as one of the three most scenic places in Japan.
Link to Wakayama Prefecture World Heritage Center
Wakayama Prefecture World Heritage Center. Many religious structures and old paths in the Kii Mountains in southern Kinki was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 2004.
Link to Kamikochi website
Kamikochi official website. Situated in the western part of Nagano Prefecture in the Chubu Region, Kamikochi is a scenic highland valley surrounded by the high Hida Mountain range (Northern Japan Alps). The Reverend Walter Weston, a British missionary in the 19th century, contributed much to the preservation of the nature in this area. Now the entire Kamikochi area is protected as part of the Chubu-Sangaku National Park.
Link to Ise Jingu website
ISE JINGU official website. Located in the Kinki Region, Ise Jingu is one of the most important religious establishments in Japan. This Shinto shrine has been revered by successive emperors throughout the history. And now it receives an annual visit from the prime minister of Japan.
Hiraizumi Tourism Association. Located in the southern part of Iwate Prefecture in the Tohoku Region, Hiraizumi was the political center of Japan in the 11th and 12th centuries. The four gardens there, together with their surrounding temples, trees and the mountain, are said to represent the ideal of the "Pure Land Buddhism." These sites were added to the World Cultural Heritage List in 2011.
Link to Amanohashidate Tourism Association
Amanohashidate Tourism Association. Located in northern Kinki, Amano-no-hashidate has been known as one of the three most scenic spots of Japan since long time ago.
Link to Historical Village of Hokkaido website
Historical Village of Hokkaido is a large open-air museum located in Sapporo, Hokkaido. In the compound, there are more than 50 buildings of historical importance, which were relocated and restored.